"The Great Wall within Jiayuguan City is 43.6km long and the moat is 12.94km long..." On September 22, the reporter visited Jiayuguan Great Wall in the interview activity entitled "Walking into Our Well-to-do Life -- Straight Hit to the Transition of Jiayuguan", and thus knew about the protection and repair conditions of "the top impregnable pass in the world".
"The Great Wall within Jiayuguan City is 43.6km long and the moat is 12.94km long. It has 8 forts and 49 beacons and enemy broadcasting stations, thus covering all the types of the Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty within Gansu Province. In recent years, Jiayuguan City has included the Great Wall protection into the overall planning of the municipal economic and social development. In line with the principle of scientific planning and rational layout, it mobilizes the initiative of all walks of life in the society, and positively promotes the repair and perfection of The Great Wall -- Planning of Cultural Relic Protection in Jiayuguan, Construction and Protection Planning of the Great Wall National Cultural Park in Gansu Province, thus effectively connecting the protection planning of the Great Wall and the planning of the national land space, tourism planning, and the construction planning of the scenic spot. Meanwhile, it improves the technological content of the cultural heritage protection. on the basis of daily maintenance, it strengthens safety routine inspection and disease monitoring, comprehensively master the data, systematically arrange and register the basic information and preservation status of the cultural relic protection units. Through dynamic monitoring of cultural relic protection, it makes clear the mainly monitored and protected objects, and creates the heritage protection and management mode of "risk monitoring, comprehensive forecast - early prewarning - immediate processing", thus realizing the transition from rescuing conservation to preventive conservation.
"We obtain the monitoring data through methods like UAV routine inspection, meteorological monitoring, cultural relic and environmental monitoring. By arranging and analyzing the monitoring data, we carry out the protection of cultural relics and enable technologies to speed up cultural relic protection. Meanwhile, we construct the monitoring and pre-warning management platform, conduct the daily monitoring of immovable cultural relics of various levels within the city, and realize the digitalization and intellectualization of collection, transmission, storage, management and service of basic data and information resources of various levels. And we may timely master the preservation situation and defect conditions of cultural relics through the monitoring results", said Zhang Bin, Director of Jiayuguan Silk Road Great Wall Cultural Research and President of Great Wall Protection Research Institute. It is said that technological means like the anemoscope, the hanging clinometer and the 3-D scanning are also applied to the cultural relic protection in the Great Wall, thus greatly improving the technological content of the protection work of cultural heritage.
The reporter got the news from the interview that on the basis of strengthening protection, Jiayuguan City focuses on constructing the cultural value of the Great Wall. With the historical transition as the line and the integrated development of civilization as the main line, it has started the editing work of textbooks by sorting out and analyzing a number of treatises and opinions in multiple aspects like the Great Wall's architectural art, cultural value and visual presentation.